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Indo-European Languages

Europeans have been conditioned to think that they are mixed racial groups with many different languages and most have no idea where many of these languages originated.  Experts have discovered that the majority of European languages are actually descended from a single language called Indo-European, the chart above shows the indo-European and the language branches.  The one exception to this is the Basque language, which is believed to be one of the languages that survived the Ice Age.  All other languages have changed due to time and isolation from each other and there are many theories surrounding the origin of the Indo-European language.  No doubt the Indo-European language itself is most likely to be the descended language of the early Ice Age people of Europe and Central Asia.

Origin of  Language

As long as people have been living in different regions of Europe, there would have been various languages and dialects spoken by the various population groups.  The earliest Europeans up to the Heidelberg people, and their ancestors would have had a very simple vocabulary compared to the language we use today. 

Like today, there are English-speaking people who integrate into the culture and adopt the language of the country they have migrated to.  Some languages have also become rare while others have become extinct.  But as generations passed, the language became more complex with a larger vocabulary, passed on from generation to generation over thousands of years.  

New Indo-European Languages

The Germanic tribes, Anglo- Saxons Europeans, moved into England and spoke the Germanic language, and over time, it changed, and today it called the  English language.  If you learn German you will find many words sound similar to English words.  Here are some words to give you an idea how the German language has changed in pronunciation and developed into English-language:


German English German English
Rot Red Lampe Lamp
Mutter Mother Vater Father
Haben Have
Morgen Morning Und And

Indo-European languages are spoken all across the globe with approximately 3 billion people in total.  Of the 20 most spoken languages in the world today, 12 of these are of Indo-European language  family:

  •  Spanish
  •  English
  •  Hindi
  •  Portuguese
  •  Bengali
  •  Russian
  •  German
  •  Marathi
  •  French
  •  Italian
  •  Punjabi
  •  Urdu

Useful Links and Videos

Indo-European Language Tree

Indo-European Dispersals and the Eurasian Steppe with J.P. Mallory

Language of Indo-European (Family Tree)

Overview of the Indo-European Languages

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